USC speech

May 6, 2008

What is good writing?

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 6:59 pm

 

acquire : to obtain something  • adequate : enough or satisfactory for a particular purpose  • athlete : a person who is very good at sports or physical exercise, especially one who competes in organized events  • bubble : a ball of air in a liquid, or a delicate hollow sphere floating on top of a liquid or in the air  • circumstance : a fact or event that makes a situation the way it is  • conceivable : possible to imagine or to believe  • corn syrup : a thick sweet liquid made from maize  • diverse : varied or different  • fascinating : extremely interesting  • limber : (of a person) able to bend and move easily and gracefully  • lumber : to move slowly and awkwardly  • proficiency : skilled and experienced

 

 

 

 

[Sample A]

 

When mother fride my egg this morning it limbered out like corn surp. Then it got buggles. They went up, then went down, like breethen heavy.

 

 

 

 

[Sample B]

 

I consider experience to be an important part in the process of learning. For example, in the case of an athlete, experience plays an important role. After each game, he tends to acquire more knowledge and proficiency, thereby making him a better athlete. An athlete could also gain more knowledge by studying up on the sport, but it is doubtful if he could participate for the first time in sport with study alone and without experience and still do an adequate job.

 

 

 

 

[Sample C]

 

The automobile is a mechanism fascinating to everyone in all its diverse manifestations and in every conceivable kind of situation or circumstance.

 

 

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS : Do you like this? Why or why not? Do you think this is a good piece of writing? Why or why not? What do you think is good about it, if anything? What is bad about it, if anything? If you were to rewrite it, how would you do it?

 

LESSONS ABOUT GOOD WRITING:

(1) Write clearly and vividly, even if it’s not expressed in the same way that other people would express it.

(2) Make your writing informative.

(3) Use examples to make your meaning clear.

(4) Whenever possible, avoid using language that you’re not confident about.

 

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Letter to Julie

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 6:56 pm

 

 

What do you think of love relationships between Taiwanese and foreigners? Do you think you could be involved in a relationship with a foreigner? If so, could you do so with a black person? A white person? Another Asian? Would you rather have a partner who shared the same cultural background as you but was of a different race (for example, a white person born and raised in Taiwan), or someone of the same race with a different cultural background (for example, an ABC)? Why?

 

 

 

brainstorm : to suggest a lot of ideas for a future activity very quickly before considering some of them more carefully  • break up : If a marriage breaks up or two people in a romantic relationship break up, their marriage or their relationship ends  • communicate : to talk about your thoughts and feelings, and help other people to understand them  • cram : to try to learn a lot very quickly before an exam  • disown : to make it known that you no longer have any connection with someone that you were closely connected with  • furious : extremely angry  • misunderstand : to think you have understood someone or something when you have not  • niece : the daughter of your brother or sister, or the daughter of your husband’s or wife’s brother or sister  • opportunity : an occasion or situation which makes it possible to do something that you want to do or have to do, or the possibility of doing something  • react : to act in a particular way as a direct result of something else  • reasonable : based on or using good judgment and therefore fair and practical  • respect : politeness, honor and care shown towards someone or something that is considered important  • sympathize : to understand and care about someone’s problems  • threaten : to tell someone that you will kill or hurt them, or cause problems for them if they do not do what you want  • virgin : someone who has never had sex

 

 

Dear Aunt Julie,

 

This is Yu-Huei, your niece in Taipei. I’m eighteen years old now and have just graduated from high school. I have a 31-year-old American boyfriend named Les. He treats me very well and really respects me. He’s a teacher at Global Village, which is the English-language cram school where I was studying when I met him.

 

Do you see any problems in this relationship? What do you think of the way they met? Do you think the difference in their ages is too large? Why or why not? Why do you think there are more foreign men dating Taiwanese women, than Taiwanese men dating foreign women? Do you know any “international” couples? Would you like to have a foreigner as a lover? Why or why not?

 

 

 

 

Les tells me that he really loves me and wants us to live together. Don’t misunderstand me; of course, we will have separate bedrooms. I plan to stay a virgin until I get married. But I really love him and want to live with him. Also, it will be a great opportunity to practice my English.

 

Would you consider living together with a lover before marriage? Why or why not? Do you have any friends who have lived together with a lover? Do you think it is a good idea for people to stay virgins until they get married? Why or why not? Would you date a foreigner just to be able to practice your English? Why or why not?

The problem is my parents. They were already unhappy that my boyfriend is a foreigner, but now they are furious. They say I am stupid, and are threatening to disown me if I don’t listen to them and break up with Les, who they say is a bad man just for asking me to live with him..

What should I do?

 

Yu-Huei

 

Have your parents ever gotten so angry at you that they threatened to disown you? What is the angriest they have ever gotten at you? Have you ever gotten very angry at your parents? How would you feel if you were Yu-Huei’s parents? Would you react the same way? What do you think Yu-Huei should do?

 

 

 

DISCUSSION  |  GROUP A

 

How do you think Yu-Huei feels? Why? Can you sympathize with her? What are some ways having an American boyfriend might be better than having a Taiwanese boyfriend? What would be some advantages for Yu-Huei of living with Les? Do you think her parents are communicating with her in the best way? Do you think there is a better way for them to communicate with Yu-Huei? When your parents don’t agree with one of your plans, what do you do? What is the best way to persuade someone who doesn’t agree with you?

 

 

 

 

DISCUSSION  |  GROUP B

 

How do you think Les feels? Why? Can you sympathize with him? Do you think foreigners in Taiwan feel lonely? Do you think it is good for them to date Taiwanese, or do you think it is better for foreigners to date other foreigners? Why? In what ways do foreign men treat their girlfriends better than Taiwanese men? What are some of the advantages of living together with a lover? In what ways is it better than marriage? How would you feel if your lover’s parents didn’t like you? What should Les do to make Yu-Huei’s parents like him better?

DISCUSSION  |  GROUP C

 

How do you think Yu-Huei’s parents feel? Why? Can you sympathize with them? What are some of the disadvantages for a Taiwanese person of dating a foreigner? What kinds of problems do you think a Taiwanese girlfriend/American boyfriend might have? Do you think it’s OK to date a foreigner just because you want to practice your English? Why or why not? Why might it be a bad idea for Yu-Huei to live together with her American boyfriend? Do you think it’s possible that Yu-Huei and her boyfriend could live together and not start a sexual relationship? What are some reasons for a girl to stay a virgin until marriage? Do you think getting angry and making threats is the best way to persuade Yu-Huei? Why or why not? What might be a better way?

 

 

 

April 30, 2008

Final drafts for speech #1

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 6:02 am

 

As I mentioned in class, this is the new schedule for turning in your final draft of this term’s first speech (about “living well”):

 

If you turn it in by… : Late penalty

April 29 (Tue) : 0%

May 2 (Fri) : 10%

May 6 (Tue) : 20%

May 9 (Fri) : 30%

May 13 (Tue) : 40%

etc

 

If you turned in your final draft by the original deadline (April 25), you will get a 10% bonus on your grade for this speech.

 

Expert opinions about learning English

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 6:01 am

 

Have you ever received any especially good advice about learning English? If so, what? If not, how did you come to have your current approach for learning English? When you have a question about learning English who, if anyone, do you ask?

 

 

accurate : correct, exact and without any mistakes  • attitude : a feeling or opinion about something or someone, or a way of behaving that is caused by this  • communicate : to share information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body or using other signals  • comprehension : the ability to understand completely and be aware of a situation, facts, etc  • consultant : someone who advises people on a particular subject  • contrasting : very different  • demand : to ask for something forcefully, in a way that shows that a refusal is not expected  • distinguish : to notice or understand the difference between two things  • encourage : to make someone more likely to do something, or to make something more likely to happen  • environment : the conditions that you live or work in and the way that they influence how you feel or how effectively you can work  • expert : a person with a high level of knowledge or skill; a specialist  • express : to show a feeling, opinion or fact  • factor : a fact or situation which influences the result of something  • focus : the main or central point of something, especially of attention or interest  • force : to make something happen or make someone do something difficult, unpleasant or unusual, especially by threatening or not offering the possibility of choice  • goal : an aim or purpose  • ideal : without fault; perfect, or the best possible  • infant : a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk  • influence : to affect or change how someone or something develops, behaves or thinks  • long-term : a long period of time  • minimize : to reduce something to the least possible level or amount  • native speaker : someone who has spoken a particular language since they were a baby, rather than having learned it as a child or adult  • predict : to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience  • proficient : skilled and experienced  • source : the place something comes from or starts at  • unpleasant : not enjoyable

 

 

 

 

1 It’s a good idea for Taiwanese mothers to speak only English to their infants.

 

If you have a baby, how and when will you teach him or her English, if at all? If you were living in an English-speaking country and had children, would you teach your children Chinese? Why or why not? How about Taiwanese (if you yourself can speak it)? When and how did you begin learning English? How were your first experiences with English? What was your parents’ attitude about your learning English when you were growing up? Did they encourage you to do it, force you to do it, or not really care? Do you think this was the right attitude?

 

 

 

 

2 When listening to English, you should try to distinguish each word that is used.

 

When listening to English, do you try to distinguish each word that is used? What types of things in English do you listen to on your own? What do you do when you hear words whose meaning you don’t know? Can you think of any other good advice for improving English listening comprehension?

 

 

 

 

3 A high-pressure classroom environment, while unpleasant, is better for improving students’ English over the long term.

 

Do you think you learn better in a high-pressure classroom environment? If so, would you like this class to be more highly pressured? Were the English classes you have taken before this one very high-pressure? Could you describe what you think is the ideal classroom environment for learning English?

 

 

 

4 A language teacher’s focus should be on encouraging communication rather than demanding accuracy.

 

Were most of the English classes you have taken before this one focused on communication or accuracy? Is there anything else that you think English classes should be focused on?

 

 

 

 

5 Public schools in Taiwan should use American-style teaching methods and more foreign teachers for their English classes.

 

What do you think are the biggest differences between American-style teaching methods and Taiwanese-style teaching methods? What other ideas do you have for improving English education in Taiwan?

 

 

 

 

6 You can’t improve your writing unless someone corrects your mistakes.

 

Is writing well in English very important to you? Why or why not? How about writing well in Chinese? What sorts of things do you write in English? How much reading do you do in English? What do you usually read? Do you have any other suggestions for improving writing in English?

 

 

 

 

7 The main reason grammar is taught is that it’s the most important factor in how well you can communicate in English.

 

What do you think is the best way to improve your grammar in English? How good is your grammar in Chinese? How did you learn to use correct grammar in Chinese? How important do you think correct grammar is for communicating in English? Do you think there are any other things that are more important—for example, pronunciation, vocabulary, etc?

 

 

 

 

8 Women generally learn foreign languages more quickly and to a higher level of proficiency than men do.

 

Is your opinion different from what you predict the expert’s opinion is? If so, why? Do you know anybody who is good at learning foreign languages very quickly? If so, why do you think this person is able to do this? How good do you think you are learning foreign languages? Besides English, what foreign languages have you studied? Could you compare your experience with learning them and learning English?

 

 

 

 

9 With the right study methods, it is possible for adult learners to learn to speak English exactly like native speakers.

 

Is your opinion different from what you predict the expert’s opinion is? If so, why? If you could never speak or write English like a native speaker, would it make you upset? Why or why not? When you speak English, are you generally “translating from Chinese”? What advice would you give to someone who was trying to break such a habit? Do you have any suggestions for minimizing the influence of Chinese when you speak English? Do you have a final goal for how good you would like your English to become?

 

 

 

 

1 : LG Alexander disagrees : Mothers communicating naturally is more important than teaching English to their infants.  • 2 : LG Alexander disagrees : When listening to English, you should try to listen for meaning as a whole, not individual words.  • 3 : Stephen Krashen disagrees : A high-pressure classroom environment is only good for short-term learning, and then only for tests.  • 4 : Stephen Krashen agrees : A language teacher’s focus should be on encouraging communication rather than demanding accuracy.  • 5 : Japanese consultant agrees : Public schools in Taiwan should use American-style teaching methods and more foreign teachers for their English classes.  • 6 : LG Alexander disagrees : You can improve your writing through reading.  • 7 : LG Alexander disagrees : The main reason that grammar is taught is that students want to know about it.  • 8 : Paul Meara agrees : Women generally learn foreign languages more quickly and to a higher level of proficiency than do men.  • 9 : LG Alexander disagrees : To learn to speak English exactly like native speakers, you must be in effect a native speaker, mastering the language at an early age. 

 

Experts : LG Alexander, author of many books for learners of English  • Stephen Krashen, foreign language education researcher  • Japanese consultant to the government on English education  • Paul Meara, second-language acquisition researcher

 

 

April 22, 2008

Worst jobs in science

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 9:12 am

 

artificial : made by people, often as a copy of something natural  • bench : a long, usually hard, seat for two or more people, often found in public places, or a long table for working on  • coat : to cover something with a layer of a particular substance  • close call : when you come extremely close to a dangerous or unpleasant situation or only just manage to avoid it  • conceal : to prevent something from being seen or known about; to hide something  • injured : hurt or physically harmed  • insert : to put something inside something else, or to add something, especially words, to something else  • lubricant : a liquid such as oil which is used to make the parts of an engine move easily together, or a substance put on any surface to help it move more easily against another one  • manual : done with the hands  • nominate : to officially suggest someone for an election, job, position or honor  • qualification : an ability, characteristic or experience that makes you suitable for a particular job or activity  • retiree : a person who has stopped working  • rubber : an elastic substance made either from the juice of particular tropical trees or artificially  • sample : a small amount of a substance that a doctor or scientist collects in order to examine it  • shift : a group of workers who do a job for a period of time during the day or night, or the period of time itself  • stimulus : something that causes growth or activity  • store : to put or keep things in a special place for use in the future  • technician : a worker trained with special skills, especially in science or engineering  • tube :  a long thin container made of soft metal or plastic, which is closed at one end and has a small hole at the other, usually with a cover, and which is used for storing thick liquids 

 

 

 

 

JOB A : Scientists who need animal sperm use masturbation—with either an artificial vagina (AV) or a hand. The AV—a large rubber tube coated with warm lubricant —is mostly used to get sperm from bulls. When a randy bull mounts a cow, a brave technician, AV in hand, places himself between the two and redirects the bull’s penis into the AV, which he must then hold tight until the bull ejaculates. Everyone who’s done this job has had at least one close call from an angry bull, and more than a few have been seriously injured. The much safer manual technique is used mostly with pigs, which are trained from an early age to mount a small bench while the researcher reaches around with a hand and provides the right kind of “stimulus”. The best job? We nominate the pig. 

sperm : 精子  • masturbation : 手淫  • vagina : 陰道  • bull : 公牛  • randy : 好色的  • cow : 母牛  • penis : 陰莖  • ejaculate : 射精  • mount : 爬上

 

 

 

 

JOB B : Click … click … click. Mostly retirees, fish counters work for eight-hour shifts, April to October, watching fish swim up fish ladders built on large dams. When a fish counter sees a fish, she pushes a button. Click. When she sees two fish, she pushes the button twice. Click. Click. Here’s the exciting part: There are different buttons for different kinds of fish! Fish counts determine how many fish people are allowed to legally catch, and this system is one reason for the record number of salmon in the past couple of years. That, in turn, is good news for the fish counters, who can push 300 buttons an hour these days. “It is more exciting on a good day,” explains fish counter Marty Schluterbush.

fish ladder : 魚梯  • dam : 水壩  • record number : 最高記錄  • salmon : 鮭魚

 

 

 

 

JOB C : Gastroenterologist Michael Levitt recently paid two persons to repeatedly smell the odors of other people’s farts. (Levitt refuses to say how much they were paid, but it would seem best to describe it this way: Not enough!) Sixteen healthy people ate large amounts of fart-producing beans and inserted small collection tubes into their anuses. Levitt carefully stored the gas from each fart. The odor judges then sat down with at least 100 samples, opened them one at a time, and inhaled deeply. They then had to rate just how bad the smell was. Levitt explains that doctors have never studied farts, even though their smell can be an important sign of disease. 

gastroenterologist : 腸胃科醫生  • odor : 氣味  • fart :   • anus : 肛門  • inhale : 吸入

 

 

 

 

ANIMAL MASTURBATOR : Scientists who need animal sperm use masturbation—with either an artificial vagina (AV) or a hand. The AV—a large rubber tube coated with warm lubricant —is mostly used to get sperm from bulls. When a randy bull mounts a cow, a brave technician, AV in hand, places himself between the two and redirects the bull’s penis into the AV, which he must then hold tight until the bull ejaculates. Everyone who’s done this job has had at least one close call from an angry bull, and more than a few have been seriously injured. The much safer “by hand” technique is used mostly with pigs, which are trained from an early age to mount a small bench while the researcher reaches around with a hand and provides the right kind of “stimulus”. The best job? We nominate the pig. 

If you lost your current job and had the opportunity to take this job at the same pay, would you? If not, why not? Would you prefer to do the work involving the bull or the pig? Why? If you had the opportunity to be a sperm or egg donor, would you? If not, why not? Would it matter for what purpose your sperm or egg would be used?

 

 

 

 

FISH COUNTER : Click … click … click. Mostly retirees, fish counters work for eight-hour shifts, April to October, watching fish swim up fish ladders built on large dams. When a fish counter sees a fish, she pushes a button. Click. When she sees two fish, she pushes the button twice. Click. Click. Here’s the exciting part: There are different buttons for different kinds of fish! Fish counts determine how many fish people are allowed to legally catch, and this system is one reason for the record number of salmon in the past couple of years. That, in turn, is good news for the fish counters, who can push 300 buttons an hour these days. “It is more exciting on a good day,” explains fish counter Marty Schluterbush.

 

Would you be interested in this job if the pay or benefits were extremely good? Do you think this job would be very boring for you, or do you think you might enjoy it? How boring would you say your current job is? What is the most boring task you have to do? Have you had, or do you know of, any jobs that you think would be more boring than fish counter?

 

 

 

 

FART ODOR JUDGE : Gastroenterologist Michael Levitt recently paid two persons to repeatedly smell the odors of other people’s farts. (Levitt refuses to say how much they were paid, but it would seem best to describe it this way: Not enough!) Sixteen healthy people ate large amounts of fart-producing beans and inserted small collection tubes into their anuses. Levitt carefully stored the gas from each fart. The odor judges then sat down with at least 100 samples, opened them one at a time, and inhaled deeply. They then had to rate just how bad the smell was. Levitt explains that doctors have never studied farts, even though their smell can be an important sign of disease. 

How much money would you demand to work as a fart odor judge? Would you agree to be the fart producer if a friend of yours were doing the research and needed volunteers? If not, would you agree if a significant amount of money were offered? Are there any foods that cause flatulence for you? If so, do you try to avoid these foods? Do you fart in front of other members of your family? Your friends? Anyone else? Have you ever had a memorable experience that involved farting?

 

 

 

 

Which of the three jobs do you think would be worst? How would you rank them? Can you think of any jobs that are even worse than these? What is the worst job that you have ever had?

 

 

 

April 15, 2008

FLAG test

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 1:42 pm

 

What is your current job? How suitable do you think you are for this job? What jobs do you think you are better suited for? Why do you think so? What qualifications do you think are required to do your job? How qualified are you for your job? If you could choose, would you choose your current job? Why or why not? Besides your current job, what others do you think you would be good at?

advocate : somebody who publicly supports or suggests an idea, development or way of doing something  • admit : to agree that something is true, especially unwillingly  • aggressive : determined to win or succeed and using forceful action to achieve victory or success  • apologize : to tell someone that you are sorry for having done something that has caused them inconvenience or unhappiness  • approving : showing that you have a positive opinion about something or someone  • beneficial : having a helpful or good effect, or describing something intended to help  • calm : peaceful and quiet; without hurried movement, anxiety or noise  • campaigner : a person who takes part in organized activities which are intended to change something in society  • challenging : difficult, in a way that tests your ability or determination  • current : of the present time  • debate : serious discussion of a subject in which many people take part  • entrepreneur : someone who starts their own business, especially when this involves risks  • dissent : strong difference of opinion on a particular subject; disagreement, especially about an official suggestion or plan or a popular belief  • factual : using or consisting of facts [=something which is known to have happened or to exist, especially something for which proof exists, or about which there is information] • force : to make something happen or make someone do something difficult, unpleasant or unusual, especially by threatening or not offering the possibility of choice  • free agent : someone whose actions are not limited or controlled by anyone else  • independent : not influenced or controlled in any way by other people, events or things  • lively : having or showing a lot of energy and enthusiasm, or showing interesting and exciting thought  • loner : a person who likes to do things on their own without other people  • make up with somebody : to forgive someone and be friendly with them again after an argument or disagreement  • more or less : mostly  • oriented : showing the direction in which something is aimed  • pass something on : to tell someone something that another person has told you  • passive : not acting to influence or change a situation; allowing other people to be in control  • personal : relating or belonging to a single or particular person rather than to a group or an organization  • project : a piece of planned work or an activity which is completed over a period of time and intended to achieve a particular aim  • required : to be needed or necessary  • rolling stone : a person who is always traveling and changing jobs  • sensitive : understanding what other people need, and being helpful and kind to them  • task : a piece of work to be done, especially one done regularly, unwillingly or with difficulty  • tend : to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic  • worthwhile : useful, important or beneficial enough to be a suitable reward for the money or time spent or the effort made

 

 

 

 

01 Do you generally like to work on your own and in your own way?

 

Why? In your present job or studies, do you generally work independently, or in a group? How would you describe your style of working or studying in general? What “tricks” do you have for working or studying more effectively?

 

 

 

 

02 Do you often worry about minor mistakes you’ve made?

 

Do the mistakes you make when speaking English bother you? Do you think you make mistakes in speaking or writing Chinese? If so, do they bother you? Have you ever made a serious mistake at work? If so, what happened?

 

 

 

 

03 Is it easy for you to get started with a task even if it is likely to be challenging and unpleasant?

 

What is the most challenging task you have ever faced at work or during your studies? Do your personal projects tend to be very challenging? How do you force yourself to do something that you should do but don’t particularly want to do?

 

04 Even if everyone else disagrees with you, do you still say what you think?

 

In what areas do your opinions most often differ from those of your friends, family, or co-workers? How often do you get into debates with other people? Do you enjoy doing so?  How do you decide in what situations you should express dissent and when you should simply keep silent, or even pretend to agree?

 

 

 

 

05 Do you prefer someone else to be the leader?

 

If so, why? If not, why not? Have you ever been the leader of a large group? When you do play the role of leader within a group, how good are you at it?

 

 

 

 

06 Do you frequently find it difficult to admit that you may be wrong?

 

Do you have more difficulty admitting that you’re wrong to certain people? If so, why? Have you ever refused to admit you were wrong, even though you knew you were? What other things do you find it difficult to admit?

 

 

 

 

07 Do you think that you work best in a team?

 

When you work on a team, what role do you most often play—for example, its leader? How much teamwork is required in your current job or studies?

 

 

 

 

08 Are you quick to try exciting new things?

 

What types of new things do you most enjoy trying—for example, food or music? What are some of the new things you have tried recently? If you had a choice of doing that you know you like and something you haven’t tried, which would you be more likely to choose?

 

 

 

 

09 Are you confident in most situations?

 

In what areas are you most confident? In what areas are you least confident? Overall, do you think you are confident enough? Has there ever been a time that you got into trouble because you were overconfident?

 

 

 

 

10 Do you think the best thing about having a secret is being able to pass it on?

 

How good are you at keeping secrets? Whom do you most often share secrets with? Do these secrets include those about yourself? Do you have any personal secrets that you would never share with anyone? If so, why?

 

11 Do you quickly make up with someone you’ve argued with?

 

What was the last time you had a major argument? Are you generally the first person to apologize after an argument? Would you ever apologize even if you did not believe you were in the wrong?

 

 

 

 

12 Are you more or less happy with yourself as you are?

 

What about yourself are you most satisfied with? Have you always had this quality, or did you work hard to develop it? What about yourself, if anything, are you dissatisfied with?

 

 

 

 

Result Personality Type Personality Characteristics Suggested Jobs
FLAG Politician factual, lively, aggressive, group-oriented advertising executive, real estate agent, managing director, politician, public relations director, senior administrator, coach
FLAI Entrepreneur factual, lively, aggressive, independent agent (import/export), buyer, marketing director, market trader, property developer, publisher, self-employed businessperson
FLPG Assistant factual, lively, passive, group-oriented bartender, dental assistant, flight attendant, hairdresser, masseur/masseuse, receptionist, secretary
FCAG Manager factual, calm, aggressive, group-oriented military officer, bank manager, general manager, hotel manager, factory manager, store manager, transport manager
SLAG Campaigner sensitive, lively, aggressive, group-oriented beautician, civil rights worker, journalist, public relations executive, speech or drama teacher, teacher, union representative
FLPI Free Agent factual, lively, passive, independent bus conductor, chef, chimney sweep, dietitian, interpreter, mechanic, paramedic, traffic police officer, surgeon
FCPG Provider factual, calm, passive, group-oriented soldier, cashier, fireman, guard, sailor, nurse, police officer, manual laborer
SCAG Teacher sensitive, calm, aggressive, group-oriented doctor, psychologist, social worker, counselor, training officer
SLAI Artist sensitive, lively, aggressive, independent architect, artist, author, dancer, interior designer, musician, sculptor
FCAI Advocate factual, calm, aggressive, independent lawyer, customs officer, dentist, detective
SLPG Helping Hand sensitive, lively, passive, group-oriented cook, marketing assistant, nursery nurse, receptionist, retail assistant, stage-hand, waiter/waitress
FCPI Specialist factual, calm, passive, independent accountant, auditor, diver, driver, engineer, insurance agent, referee, scientist, systems analyst, technician
SLPI Rolling Stone sensitive, lively, passive, independent bartender, dancer, disc jockey, entertainer, model, porter, production worker, store clerk, waiter/waitress
SCAI Adviser sensitive, calm, aggressive, independent analyst, consultant, librarian, social scientist, training officer
SCPG Supporter sensitive, calm, passive, group-oriented counselor, nurse, nursery school teacher, remedial teacher, social worker, therapist
SCPI Loner sensitive, calm, passive, independent gardener, curator, dressmaker/tailor, farm worker, historian, potter, craftsman

 

Do you think the personality characteristics shown for your result really describe you accurately? Which of the suggested jobs for your personality type most appeals to you? Which do not? Have you ever done any of the suggested jobs, or any similar ones? If so, what did you think about the job? What other jobs do you think you would be suited for? Why?

 

 

 

April 13, 2008

How honest are you…really?

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 12:36 am

 

advertisement : a picture, short film, song, etc. which tries to persuade people to buy a product or service  • affair : a sexual relationship, especially a secret one  • bank passbook : a small book that is used to officially record how much money is in a customer’s bank account  • cashier : a person whose job is to receive and pay out money in a shop, bank, restaurant, etc  • catch someone red-handed : to discover someone while they are in the act of doing something bad or illegal  • check out : to leave a hotel after paying and returning your room key  • colleague : one of a group of people who work together  • crime : an illegal act  • deposit : to pay someone a sum of money when you make an agreement with them to pay for or buy something, which either will be returned to you later, if the agreed arrangement is kept, or which forms part of the total payment  • drivers license : official permission for someone to drive a car, received after passing a driving test, or a document showing this  • extra : additional  • make a difference : change a given situation  • qualified : having finished a training course, or having particular skills, etc  • report : to make a complaint to a person in authority about something or someone  • résumé : a short statement of the important details of something  • shoplift : to illegally takes goods from a shop without paying for them  • skill : an ability to do an activity or job well, especially because you have practiced it  • sneak a peek : to look at something for a short time while trying to avoid being seen  • speed : to be driving faster than you are legally allowed to do  • spouse : a person’s husband or wife  • steal : to take something without the permission or knowledge of the owner and keep it  • take a day off : to spend a day away from work at your own request  • valuable : worth a lot of money  • wallet : a small folding case for carrying paper money, credit cards and other flat objects, used especially by men

 

 

 

 

01 You are buying something at a store. The cashier gives you back too much change. Do you give back the extra?

 

Does it make any difference how much extra the cashier gives you? Have you ever gotten back too much change for something that you bought? What happened and what did you do?

 

 

 

 

02 You are walking along the street and find a wallet with NT$10,000 inside, along with the address and phone number of the owner. Do you return everything?

 

Have you ever found a lot of money? What did you do? Have you ever lost money or anything valuable? Were you able to get it back?

 

 

 

 

03 You are shopping at a department store when you see someone trying to shoplift. Do you report it?

 

If you wouldn’t report it, why not? If you would probably report it, are there any crimes that you would probably not report? If you probably do not report it, are there any crimes that you would report? Have you ever stolen anything? Have you ever had anything of yours stolen?

 

 

 

 

04 You are having dinner in a romantic restaurant. You see the spouse of a good friend come in with an attractive stranger of the opposite sex. Do you tell your friend?

 

If you would tell your friend, would you call right then so your friend could come and catch his or her spouse red-handed? Would your answer be different if you only saw the friend’s spouse and the stranger at a fast food restaurant? How about if you saw them going into a hotel together? If your own spouse were having an affair, would you want to know about it?

 

05 You are driving late at night. You are speeding, and run a stop sign when you crash into another car. Because you were in two other traffic accidents recently, this accident may cause you to lose your driver’s license. Do you lie to the police about the reason for the accident to make it seem that it was not your fault?

 

If you would lie, how might you explain the accident? Would you blame the other driver? If you wouldnt lie, why not? Do you have a driver’s license? How good a driver are you? Have you ever been in a traffic accident?

 

 

 

 

06 You are looking for a job, and you find one that you are interested in. Unfortunately, you dont have all the skills that the company lists as needed for the job. Do you change your résumé to make yourself look qualified if you think it will be easy to learn the skills that you dont have?

 

What skills are needed to do your job now well? If you were asked to describe how good your English were in your résumé, what would you write? How qualified are you for your job now? What other jobs do you believe that you are qualified to do?

 

 

 

 

07 You are going back to your office after buying a snack for yourself and a colleague from a truck that stops in front of your office building in the afternoon. But then you drop one. The snack truck has already left. Do you eat the snack and tell your colleague that you were too late to buy any snacks?

 

If so, what would you say if the colleague said she saw what happened? If not, what would you do if your colleague were the one who bought the snacks and you caught her lying? Do you have any favorite snacks that you can buy near your place of work or your home? Will you bring Max this snack next class? (Please be careful not to drop it!)

 

 

 

 

08 You are walking past the desk of a colleague who is taking a day off. You discover that he left his bank passbook on his desk. Do you sneak a peek?

 

Do you know how much money anybody has in their bank account? How did you find out? If a colleague looked in your own bank passbook, how would you feel? Which banks do you use? Why? Have you saved very much money? Overall, how good do you think you are with money?

 

 

 

 

09 You are staying at a nice hotel. The towels are very attractive. Do you take one when you check out?

 

If the towel is marked with the hotel’s name, will you use the towel when guests are at your home? Have you ever taken things like towels from a hotel? What was the nicest hotel that you have ever stayed in?

 

10 You are trying to sell your car. Someone sees your advertisement and says she is willing to buy your car for the NT$100,000 you advertised. She gives you a NT$10,000 deposit, and you both agree that she will pay the rest of the money the next week when you deliver the car to her. The next day though, somebody else calls and offers NT$120,000 for the car. Do you tell the first person that you’ve changed your mind about the selling the car to her for NT$100,000?

 

If you would change your mind, how would you probably explain to the first person why you no longer wanted to sell him the car? If you could avoid returning the NT$10,000 deposit without too much trouble, would you? Would it make any difference if the first person were a man instead of a woman? Have you ever sold any of your personal belongings? Do you have anything now that you would like to sell?

 

 

 

March 26, 2008

Schoolkids answer questions about dating and marriage

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 12:08 am

Do you like children? How many (more) children do you plan to have? Do you prefer to have a boy or girl? If you have children, how has the experience of raising children been different from what you expected? Have you ever heard a child say something that greatly surprised you?

chips and dip : a snack of potato chips or other types of chips eaten with a thick sauce into which they are dipped  • comment : something that you say or write that expresses your opinion  • committed : loyal and willing to give your time and energy to something that you believe in  • compliment : to praise or express admiration for someone  • consciously : in a determined and intentional way  • criteria : a standards by which you judge, decide about or deal with something  • disastrous : extremely bad or unsuccessful  • fate : a power that some people believe causes and controls all events, so that you cannot change or control the way things will happen  • function : the natural purpose (of something) or the duty (of a person)  • gross out : If something grosses you out, you think it is very unpleasant or disgusting  • have in common : to share interests, experiences or other characteristics with someone or something  • intuition : an ability to understand or know something immediately without needing to think about it, learn it or discover it by using reason  • mess with : to use or become involved with something or someone dangerous  • obituary column : section of a newspaper with reports that give the news of people’s deaths and details about their lives  • play dead : pretend to be dead  • signal : to show that you intend or are ready to do something  • process : a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result  • spouse : husband or wife  • stuck with : have to deal with someone or something unpleasant because you have no choice or because no one else wants to  • turn sour : to become unpleasant or unfriendly  

1 What do most people do on a date?

Dates are for having fun, and people should use them to get to know each other. Even boys have something to say if you listen long enough. (Lynnette, age 8)

On the first date, they just tell each other lies and that usually gets them interested enough to go for a second date. (Martin, age 10)

What do you think of Lynette and Martin’s responses? Do you agree with Lynette that boys have fewer things of importance to say than girls? While you were first dating your spouse or romantic partner, did you tell lies to them in order to make them interested—as Martin suggests one should do? What do you, or did you, usually do on a date? Do you prefer to do the planning for a date, or have the other person do the planning? Have you ever had a particularly memorable date that you would like to share?

2 What should one do on a first date that is turning sour?

I’d run home and play dead. The next day I would call all the newspapers and make sure they wrote about me in all the dead columns [ > obituary column]. (Craig, age 9)

Have you ever had a particularly disastrous date? What sort of place and activity would you choose for a first date with someone? Have you ever had to avoid someone as Craig said he would do? If so, how did you avoid meeting this person?

3 How can one know when it is appropriate to kiss someone?

When they’re rich. (Pam, age 7)

The law says you have to be eighteen, so I wouldn’t want to mess with that.  (Curt, age 7)

The rule goes like this: If you kiss someone, then you should marry them and have kids with them. It’s the right thing to do. (Howard, age 8)

Have you ever kissed someone and then discovered after the fact that you shouldn’t have? Do you think kissing someone signals a commitment to them? If not, what action best signals that two people are committed to having a stable relationship with each other?

4 Is it better to be single or married?

I don’t know which is better, but I’ll tell you one thing. I’m never going to have sex with my wife. I don’t want to be all grossed out. (Theodore, age 8)

It’s better for girls to be single but not for boys. Boys need someone to clean up after them. (Anita, age 9)

What do you think of Theodore’s comments? Do you think a happy marriage is possible without sex? At what age did you start being attracted to the opposite sex? What do you think of Anita’s comments? For you personally, do you think it is better to be single or married? Why? Do you think there are more people who are married but wish they were single, or vice versa?

5 How should one decide whom to marry?

You got to find somebody who likes the same stuff. Like, if you like sports, she should like it that you like sports, and she should keep the chips and dip coming. (Alan, age 10)

No person really decides before they grow up who they’re going to marry. God decides it all way before, and you get to find out later who you’re stuck with. (Kirsten, age 10)

Do you agree with Alan that two people must have the same interests in order to have a happy marriage? Do you and your spouse (or significant other) have the same or similar interests? Did your parents? How much do you agree with Kirsten that whom one marries is largely a matter of fate? Thinking back on how you came to marry your spouse (or fall in love with past or present lovers), how much control do you think you had over the process? When you have fallen in love, has it been with someone who met your criteria for someone you could fall in love with, or did it just “happen”? Have you ever felt you were “stuck with” a partner? If you are married, can you describe the process you went through in deciding to marry your current spouse? If you are not married, what are the most important criteria you will use to decide on whom to marry?

What do you think your mom and dad have in common?

Both don’t want any more kids. [ > Neither of them want any more kids.] (Lori, age 8)

6 What is the right age to get married?

Twenty-three is the best age because you know the person forever by then. (Camille age 10)

No age is good to get married at. You got to be a fool to get married.  (Freddie, age 6)

Do you agree more with Camille or Freddie? Why? Personally, what do you think is (or was) probably the ideal age for you to get married? How different is (or was) this age from what your parents considered to be the ideal age for you to get married? How much pressure were you (or are you) under to get married quickly? Do you think most people who get married are happy? How about the marriages of your close friends? If you’re willing to talk about it, how about your own marriage (or current romantic relationship)?

7 How can a stranger tell if two people are married?

You might have to guess, based on whether they seem to be yelling at the same kids. (Derrick, age 8)

Do you think you have a strong intuition when two people are married? If so, can you explain how you can sense if two people are married or not? Do you think you can tell if a friend of yours is having a sexual relationship with someone else even before he or she tells you? Do you think you and your current (or most recent) marriage or romantic partner make a good couple? What comments have people made about you two?

8 How would the world be different if people didn’t get married?

There sure would be a lot of kids to explain, wouldn’t there? (Kelvin, age 8)

Could you ever consider having children outside of marriage? Do you think providing a stable environment for raising children is the most important function of marriage? If not, what do you think is the main function of marriage? How about for you personally? Do you think marriage between homosexuals should be legalized? Why or why not?

9 How can one make a marriage work?

Tell your wife that she looks pretty even if she looks like a truck. (Ricky, age 10)

Do you think Ricky’s advice is good? If so, do you think there is any general type of compliment that a wife can give to her husband that will have a similar effect as a husband complimenting his wife’s appearance? In your marriage or other romantic relationship, what if anything do you consciously do to make it “work”? Do you think you or your partner does more? Do you think in general that your marriage or other romantic relationship “works”? If not, why not?

March 18, 2008

Have you been living fully?

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 1:09 pm

 

autobiography : a book about a person’s life, written by that persons  • emulate : to copy something achieved by someone else and try to do it as well as they have  • fantasize : to think about something very pleasant that is unlikely to happen  • figure : to be, appear, take part or be included in something  • follow through : to do something as the next part of an activity or period of development  • frustrate : to make someone feel annoyed or discouraged because they cannot achieve what they want  • in retrospect : thinking now about something in the past  • philosophy : someone’s approach to life and their way of dealing with it  • prominent : describes something that is in a position in which it is easily seen  • recall : to bring the memory of a past event into your mind, and often to give a description of what you remember  • regret : a feeling of sadness about something sad or wrong or about a mistake that you have made, and a wish that it could have been different and better  • tendency : If there is a tendency for something to happen, it is likely to happen or it often happens  • typical : showing all the characteristics that you would usually expect from a particular group of things  • variety : the characteristic of frequently changing and being different  • worthwhile : useful, important or beneficial enough to be a suitable reward for the money or time spent or the effort made

 

goodlifeguy.jpg 

1 I have had a greater variety of experiences than most people my age.

How important is having a wide variety of experiences to you? Do you actively pursue a variety of new experiences, or do they mostly just seem to “happen” to you? During what time of your life have you had the most interesting experiences? What an interesting experience that you’ve had recently?

2 My life so far would make an interesting movie or novel.

Have you ever considered writing an autobiography or fantasized about making a movie about your life? What event or time in your life do you think would make the most interesting movie or novel? Why do you think so? Do you enjoy biographical books or movies? Why or why not? Can you think about such a book or move that you found especially interesting or valuable? What famous person do you think has led a very interesting life? Would you like to trade lives with this person?

3 Time passes quickly as I live, but seems long when I recall the past.

Do you find that some times in your life seem to take up a much larger, or much smaller, part of your memories? If so, what times are they, and why do you think they show this tendency? Do you sense that time seems to be going faster and faster? If so, why do you think this is the case?

4 I  wish I could return to some time in the past and relive it so I could do things differently from the way I did them the first time.

If your answer was yes, what is an example of something you would like to do differently? Do you regret what you actually did? Do you usually do more things that you shouldn’t, or not do more things that you should? What’s an example of something in the past that you did that you think you shouldn’t have done? What’s an example of something didn’t do but should have done? If you had to choose one time in your past to relive without changing anything, what time would you choose? Why?

5 Happy memories occur to me more often than do unhappy ones.

What are some examples of memories that you often recall? Why do you easily recall these memories? What is your earliest memory? What feelings do you associate with this memory? Do you think when you are old you will often recall this time in your life? Why or why not? What feelings do you think you will probably have about this time in your life?

6 The life I have lived so far is a good example for others to follow.

Have you ever used someone else’s life as an example for your own life? What about you or your life do you think it is most worthwhile for other people to emulate? Thinking of the people you are personally acquainted with, whose life do you think is the most worthy of emulating? Why do you think so?

7 I feel “behind” where I thought I would be five years ago.

Five years ago, how did you think your life would be now? How do you imagine your life being five years from now? Are you usually able to follow through with most of the plans you make? When you aren’t able to follow through, what are some typical reasons?

8 I must follow my life philosophy much more closely in the future than I have in the past.

How would you describe your life philosophy? In what ways do you think you are most in need of improvement? Would you say your philosophy is closer to “live hard” or “live easy”? In what areas do you think you have made the most improvement in the past few years?

WARM-UP QUESTIONS : Do you feel you are living a “full” life? Which aspects of your life are you most satisfied with? Which are you least satisfied with? Why? How would you describe your life philosophy?

// answer choices

– – =  Strongly disagree

=  Tend to disagree

+ =  Tend to agree

++ +  Strongly agree

// scoring scheme

For questions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 (shaded): 

– – = 0

= 1

+ = 2

++ = 3

For questions 4, 7, 8

– – = 3

= 2

+ = 1

++ = 0

// results

0 to 6 : You could be said to have been wasting your life, and you probably already realize this. There may be several reasons why you have not made much of your time. Many people in your situation suffer from severe depression, a sense of meaninglessness or hopelessness, or extreme fear. Whatever the cause, you need to discover what it is that is keeping you from getting what you want from my life, and start really living!

7 to 12 : You could not be said to be living fully, as you tend to waste much time doing things that are not closely related to your real needs and desires. You should refocus your life on things that are truly important to you.

13 to 18 : You could be said to have been living as fully or even slightly more fully than most people. You are likely to be quite satisfied with your life, but if you are not, you can consider how to use your time more effectively to complete more quickly tasks that are necessary even though they are not those that are truly meaningful to you.

19 to 24 : You have been living a full, and likely extremely satisfying life. Congratulations!

 

 

 

March 11, 2008

Individual speeches from last term (updated 03.12)

Filed under: Uncategorized — minimax @ 12:00 pm

 

As I mentioned in class, everybody will give their individual speeches from last term during the first half of this term. Here is the schedule:

 

2008.03.11

(8:10 class) Jack, Abby

 

2008.03.18

(8:10 class) Zoe, Nina, Vivien, Tracy, Candy, Stephanie

(10:10 class) Eve, Kurt, Lisa, Cathy, Hanson, Emily, Ben, Connie

 

2008.03.25

(8:10 class) Kim, Sharon, Stacy, Christine

(10:10 class) Evan, Claire, Bruce, Michelle, Sabrina

 

2008.04.08

(8:10 class) Denise, Jessica, Hedy, Dora

(10:10 class) Tracy, Ingrid, Howard, Lili

 

2008.04.15

(8:10 class) Aaron, Cherry, Xenia, Jamie

(10:10 class) Yvonne, Missy Queenie, Nina

 

If you need to, please adjust the length of your speech so that it is about 3 minutes long. If you have any questions, please e-mail me at minn.song@gmail.com.

 

Looking forward to hearing your speeches…

 
 
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